Colony of Virginia vs. 1636 Map

It's kind of hard to figure out what the official population numbers for the Colony of Virginia were in the year 1636. For the most part, the numbers are estimates. Here is some of the available info.
  • 1624: Since 1606, approximately 7,300 emigrants have sailed for the colony, and 6,040 have died either en route or after arrival. However, the Privy Council argues that that the colony has had a net increase of only 275 people since its founding. The colony suffers from chronic food shortages and seems unable to get a subsistence from its own efforts. The greatest death rate has occurred between 1621 and 1623, during the period of the Great Migration.
  • In 1625, there were 1,200 people there.
  • In 1634, the English Crown created eight shires (i.e. counties) in the colony of Virginia which had a total population of approximately 5,000 inhabitants.
  • It appears that in 1640 there were 10,400 people in Virginia.
    • Although about 24,000 men and women immigrated to Virginia between 1607 and 1640, in 1640 the population stood at only 8,100. Most of the inhabitants fell victim to disease, although the Indian uprising of 1622 took 347 lives.

According to what I was able to find, there were approximately 5,000 colonists living in Virginia in 1634. With Jamestown being the main settlement, it would probably be fair to assume that a good chunk of those 5,000 colonists could be attributed to Jamestown.
  • Unfortunately I was unable to find any numbers pertaining specifically to Jamestown.
1634 Map
We have this 1636 map of Virginia, engraved by Ralph Hall. The map was originally intended to be included in the first edition of Historia Mundi. According to the source, the map is based in part upon John Smith's 1606 map of Virginia, embellished with a lively and unique ethnographical view of Virginia, shortly after the English established a colony at Jamestown. Hall's map is the earliest map of Virginia based upon John Smith's model and is quite rare on the market.


I understand the "embellished" part, for this is a standard "go to" explanation used by the PTB these days. I believe in this case, the embellishment consists of all the town/city symbols included on the map. Were those supposed to "embellish" Indian wigwam villages? This is what Powhatan people allegedly lived in.


This Symbol
As far as I understand, those Powhatan people were all over the place, and they were not exactly the friendliest individuals in the lives of our colonists. What do you think the circled symbols were supposed to signify, when Ralph Hall was "embellishing" this map?


One of those symbols is located way up the Potomac river, which is ways out from Jamestown. If there were European settlers there, who was protecting them from the Native population?


The Legend
Oh wait, we do have a legend though. The legend is present on the 1606 map, but was replaced by some naked upside down people on the 1636 one.

legend 21.jpg

We either had native kings all over the place, or we had colonists all over the place, or may be we do not know what we had...

Horned People?
And what's up with these individuals below? I understand that we could be seeing a hairstyle, but somehow I doubt that.


Fort Algernon or Fort Charles?
And with all of that, the map author forgot to name the so-called Fort Algernon. It was (allegedly) established in the fall of 1609 at the mouth of Hampton Roads at Point Comfort in the Virginia Colony. A strategic point for guarding the shipping channel leading from the Chesapeake Bay, Fort Monroe was built there beginning in the 1830s.
  • The first fort was a wooden stockade named Fort Algernourne, followed by other small forts
  • The fort was very close to the Kecoughtans village, and in one of the acts leading to the First Anglo-Powhatan War, this village was attacked and captured by the English on July 9, 1610, who built then there another fort, named Fort Charles.
  • In mid-1611, a fire accidentally destroyed all of Fort Algernon except for Davis' own house and the storehouse; however, Davis quickly rebuilt it as before.

Fort Algernon, Fort Charles, Fort George, Fort Monroe... how many forts were there, and which one is it?

KD: Remarkably, it was our future expo area: 1907: Jamestown Ter-Centennial Exposition
  • Anyways, I was just rambling about nothing. Feel free to comment.


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Feb 4, 2021
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Anyways, I was just rambling about nothing
You're so coy. ;)

What I think this does is further show our understanding of the civilization of the "Native Americans" has been purposely suppressed by the invaders who pillaged and killed them. Which isn't surprising or even really controversial... until we start getting into discussions of scope.

I frequently come back to thinking how the eventual US government borrowed language and ideas from the Iroquois Confederacy, which screams PR move. I suspect that we had lots of immigrants pre-Revolutionary War that found that they had more options that living in the British corporate towns and over time, who did those people end up having more in common with? The Europeans or the "Natives"? That's probably what the eventual Revolutionary Patriots wondered too and tried to positively influence, in their effort to become their own mob boss.

Basically, when it comes to the "natives", almost everything we have is so laughably racist/jingoist that the fact that we even have to debate whether these fellow human beings could have made towns that compare to ones made in literally every corner of the world ("Old" and "New") throughout time sort of shows how subtly effective their campaign ultimately was.
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  • RCR82

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    Feb 24, 2022
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    What gets me the most is the sheer amount of native towns on old maps in the VA/TN area. It makes one really begin to believe a genocide of much greater magnitude than just the trail of tears took place here

    Also, I do not believe there was any shortage of food because every map from the mid 1600s to late 1700s notate abundance of perfect, fertile land, locations of buffalo and fishing spots.
    Found this interesting excerpt. 33 to 37 covers South Carolina, North Carolina and Virginia. Mythology they say.

    Interesting what is this an excerpt from? Thomas Walker's travels in southwestern Virginia talk about natives extensively mining Cinnabar in this area. He says they claimed to have used the red color of the clay to make pigment for their face paint.

    There's only one problem with using Cinnabar as pigment. Its 86.22 percent mercury and 13.78 percent sulfur. I find it very hard to believe they were rubbing poisonous metal that smelled like rotten eggs in their faces for decades.

    Another thing to notate is, Most mined cinnabar is is used to separate gold ore into elemental gold.

    Despite that fact, other travelers noted the Cherokee who inhabited the are had meager jewelery and primarily lived off the land.

    Here are some interesting things I found on some a french map of present day Virginia:

    Screenshot_20220616-212112_Old Maps.jpg

    It reads:

    the Tionontatecaga who live in caves to defend themselves from the great heat.

    BTW I'm finding all of these maps on an app called "Old Maps" bunch of hi-res maps from the old world.
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