Old Bergman Tools Building, Buffalo, NY

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This building is located very close to my house. It's right along the Niagara River on Niagara Street, which is a very historic area in Buffalo. The destruction of the Buffalo "community" and Black Rock in the War of 1812 allegedly occurred all along this stretch. The YouTube channel Bushwhacking History in Buffalo has some detail on this stretch, though I'm not completely familiar with all his content. Not enough hours in the day...
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The Port of Marseille Ancient Tunnel or the Vieux-Port Tunnel?

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The Vieux-Port Tunnel is located in downtown Marseille near the entrance to the city's former commercial port, now a marina. It connects the north and south shores of the port and in fact the north and south districts of the city. It is in fact made up of two tunnels - East and West - with two lanes each and reserved for light vehicles. Its length is 600 meters (1,968 feet). In the 1960s, Marseille was already experiencing endless traffic...
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Chronology: how old is Odessa and what's its name?

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Odessa was the site of a large Greek settlement no later than the middle of the 6th century BC. A necropolis from the 5th–3rd centuries BC has long been known in this area. In the Middle Ages successive rulers of the Odessa region included various nomadic tribes, the Golden Horde, the Crimean Khanate, the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, and the Ottoman Empire. In 1794, the city of Odessa was founded by a decree of the Russian empress Catherine the...
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52 BC Battle of Alesia: where and when did it happen?

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For Caesar, Alesia was an enormous personal success, both militarily and politically. The senate declared 20 days of thanksgiving for this victory but, due to political reasons, refused Caesar the honor of celebrating a triumphal parade, the peak of any general's career. Political tension increased, and two years later, in 49 BC, Caesar crossed the Rubicon, precipitating the Roman Civil War of 49–45 BC, which he won. After having been...
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Suvorov, Yermak, Pugachev, Razin and the Siberian War

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Without historical individuals and without real chronology we have no history. Unfortunately, this is exactly what we have in my opinion - no history. Instead of the real history we have an intertwined web of fictitious story lines. Years of polishing turned these story lines into our current narrative. The end result is still the same, for no good fiction will ever make up for the true history. Winston Churchill allegedly said "A nation that...
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1845: The Great Fire of Pittsburgh

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The fire destroyed 10-12,000 buildings, displacing 2000 families, or about 12,000 people. Property values skyrocketed, and a construction boom started on April 14, only 4 days after the fire. By June 12, while many streets were still blocked with fire debris, 500 new buildings were either completed or in progress. Fine buildings of brick or stone replaced the destroyed wooden tenements. Pittsburgh came back from the great fire bigger and...
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Napoleonic Wars and Year 1812: when did they happen?

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A series of wars, known collectively as the Napoleonic Wars, extended French influence to much of Western Europe and into Poland. At its height in 1812, the French Empire had 130 departments, ruled over 44 million subjects, maintained an extensive military presence in Germany, Italy, Spain, and the Duchy of Warsaw, and counted Austria and Prussia as nominal allies. Early French victories exported many ideological features of the Revolution...
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Napoléon, aka Nicholas, Brutus and Ali Bonaparte: what do we know?

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Napoléon Bonaparte was a French military and political leader who rose to prominence during the French Revolution and led several successful campaigns during the Revolutionary Wars. He dominated European and global affairs for more than a decade while leading France against a series of coalitions in the Napoleonic Wars. He won most of these wars and the vast majority of his battles, building a large empire that ruled over continental Europe...
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Our timeline could be much shorter than we think...

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Time is the continued sequence of existence and events that occurs in an apparently irreversible succession from the past, through the present, into the future. It is a component quantity of various measurements used to sequence events, to compare the duration of events or the intervals between them, and to quantify rates of change of quantities in material reality or in the conscious experience.
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Who is depicted on the Minin and Pozharsky pedestal bas-relief?

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The Monument to Minin and Pozharsky is a bronze statue designed by Ivan Martos and located on the Red Square in Moscow, Russia, in front of Saint Basil's Cathedral. The statue commemorates Prince Dmitry Pozharsky and Kuzma Minin, who gathered an all-Russian volunteer army and expelled the forces of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth under the command of King Sigismund III of Poland from Moscow, thus putting an end to the Time of Troubles in 1612.
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Chronology: how old is America?

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Prince Popiel ІІ was a legendary 9th century ruler of the West Slavic tribe of Goplans and Polans and the last member of the pre-Piast dynasty, the Popielids. As the story goes, a throng of mice and rats (which had been feeding on the unburnt bodies of Popiel's uncles) rushed into the tower, chewed through the walls, and devoured Popiel and his wife alive.
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Who founded and how old is Moscow?

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The first known reference to Moscow dates from 1147 AD as a meeting place of Yuri Dolgoruky and Sviatoslav Olgovich. At the time it was a minor town on the western border of Vladimir-Suzdal Principality. The chronicle says, "Come, my brother, to Moskov". In 1156 AD, Knyaz Yury Dolgoruky fortified the town with a timber fence and a moat. When the Grand Duchy of Moscow evolved into the Tsardom of Russia, Moscow still remained as the political...
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What happened to Fort York in Manitoba, Canada?

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From the 17th through late 19th century, the depot at York Factory and its predecessors were the central base of operations for the Hudson's Bay Company. Between 1788 and 1795, the company constructed an octagonal star fort of stone and brick at York Factory. The choice of material was poor, however, as the stone and brick could not stand up to heaving permafrost, and in 1831, the stone fort was razed.
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The Biblical Moses is primarily based on the figure of conquistador Fernando Cortés

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Apologetes like Finegan, undeterred, manage to count these problems as a special form of proof. The sacking of Jerusalem, he says in this line, "is reflected only too clearly in the archeological realm by the paucity of important materials." And as for the Conquest of Caanan, he notes that "Joshua evidently did a thorough job of destruction." Tautologies like these and the occasional excavated well that might have been the one Joseph drew...
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Funerary Chullpa Towers and the Aymara People

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Chullpas are ancient Aymara funeral towers originally built for nobles and their families. They are found across the Altiplano in Peru and Bolivia. They can be cylindrical or rectangular, low or tall, and made of stone or adobe. The tallest are about 40 feet high. All of the chullpas have small openings facing east, towards the rising sun. Corpses in each tomb were typically placed in a fetal position along with some of their belongings...
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The City of Harbin or the Battle for Cambalu?

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Harbin is the capital of Heilongjiang, China’s northernmost province. The city grew in the late 19th century with the influx of Russian engineers constructing the eastern leg of the Trans-Siberian Railroad. The city's Russian architecture includes its green-domed Saint Sophia Cathedral, an Eastern Orthodox church now a local history museum.
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Babylon, Baghdad, Lake Tharthar: what and where was the real Babylon?

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Babylon is the most famous city from ancient Mesopotamia whose ruins lie in modern-day Iraq 59 miles southwest of Baghdad. The name is thought to derive from bav-il or bav-ilim which, in the Akkadian language of the time, meant 'Gate of God' or 'Gate of the Gods' and 'Babylon' coming from Greek.
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Was previous Jerusalem located in England?

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The stolen and perverted writings of Homer and Ovid, of Plato and Cicero, which all men ought to contemn, are set up by artifice against the Sublime of the Bible; but when the New Age is at leisure to pronounce, all will be set right, and those grand works of the more ancient, and consciously and professedly Inspired men will hold their proper rank, and the Daughters of Memory shall become the Daughters of Inspiration. Shakespeare and Milton...
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Fortress of Mongatz aka Palanok Castle aka Mukachevo Castle. Who built it?

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The fortress is located on a former 68 meter high volcanic hill. There is no accurate data on the circumstances of its construction. Archaeological research shows that the area was already inhabited in the Neolithic era, and that in the Bronze and Iron Ages there was a fortress on the site of today's castle. At the time of the conquest, a fortress built from piles stood at the top of today's castle hill. The castle complex consists of three...
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How old is the Aral Sea?

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The shallow Aral Sea was once the world’s fourth largest body of inland water. The remnants of it nestle in the climatically inhospitable heart of Central Asia, to the east of the Caspian Sea. The Aral Sea and its demise are of great interest and increasing concern to scientists because of the remarkable shrinkage of its area and volume that began in the second half of the 20th century - when the region was part of the Soviet Union - and...
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